ḤAKHAM


ḤAKHAM
ḤAKHAM (Heb. חָכָם; lit. "wise" or "sage"), title given to rabbinic scholars. Originally, it was inferior to the title "rabbi" since a scholar who possessed semikhah was called "rabbi" while the lesser savant was called ḥakham, or "sage" (BM 67bf.). Afterward it was also utilized for ordained scholars (Tosef., Yev. 4:6). Another talmudic distinction was between ḥakham and talmid ("disciple"). The disciple was only expected to answer inquiries that pertained directly to his studies, while the sage was required to respond to questions in all areas of rabbinic scholarship (Kid. 49b). The title ḥakham was also used as a formal designation of the third in rank after the nasi and av bet din of the Sanhedrin (Hor. 13b). Sephardi Jews later used the title ḥakham for their local rabbis (in London and Amsterdam, applied to the rabbi of the Spanish and Portuguese congregations, it is written Haham), and reserved the more honorable designation of rabbi for preeminent scholars (David Messer Leon, Kevod Ḥakhamim, ed. by S. Bernfeld (1899), 63f.). Turkish Jewry designated its chief rabbi as ḥakham bashi\>\> .

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hakham — (hébreu חכם litt. sage, plur. hakhamim) est un terme désignant une personne cultivée et instruite, qu elle soit ou non juive[1]. Le terme n est généralement pas employé dans le judaïsme rabbinique post talmudique, qui lui préfère le terme de rav… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hakham — The Hakham of Moineşti (Hahamul din Moineşti), Ştefan Luchian, 1909. Hakham (or chakam or ḥaḥam, ḥakam; Hebrew חכם lit. wise ) is a term from Judaism, meaning a wise or skillful man; it often refers to someone who is a great Torah scholar. T …   Wikipedia

  • hakham — Seph. /khah khahm /; Ashk. /haw kheuhm/, n. Hebrew. 1. a wise and learned person; sage. 2. (among Sephardic Jews) a title given to a rabbi. Also, hakam. [hakham lit., wise] * * * …   Universalium

  • Hakham — noun a Hebrew title of respect for a wise and highly educated man • Topics: ↑Hebrew • Hypernyms: ↑title, ↑title of respect, ↑form of address, ↑sage * * * Seph. /khah khahm /; Ashk. /haw kheuhm/, n. Hebrew …   Useful english dictionary

  • ḤAKHAM BASHI — ḤAKHAM BASHI, the title of chief rabbi in the ottoman empire , composed of the Hebrew work ḥakham ( sage, wise man ) and the Turkish word bashi ( head, or chief ). At the end of 1836 or the beginning of 1837 the Ottoman authorities confirmed the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hakham Bachi — (turc ottoman : حكم باشا , turc : Hahambaşı , hébreu : חכם באשי) est le titre porté dans l Empire ottoman puis en Turquie par le chef religieux des communautés juives séfarade. Ce titre est formé de l hébreu חכם hakham (sage) et du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hakham Bashi — Hakham Bachi Hakham Bachi حكم باشا est le titre porté dans l Empire ottoman puis en Turquie par le chef religieux des communautés juives. Ce titre est formé de l hébreu חכם hakham (sage) et du turc باشا baş (tête). Il y avait dans l Empire… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hakham Bashi — (Ottoman Turkish: حاخامباشی, Turkish: Hahambaşı) is the Turkish name for the Chief Rabbi of the nation s Jewish community. Contents 1 History 2 List of individuals holding the titles of Chief Rabbi in the …   Wikipedia

  • ḤAKHAM, SIMON — (1843–1910), author and Bible translator. Ḥakham was born in Bukhara, the son of a scholarly Baghdad emissary. He emigrated to Jerusalem in 1890. During his years in Jerusalem, he was active as editor, publisher, translator, and author. Among his …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hakham Avraham Ben Rachmiel Qanai — Avraham Ben Rahamiël Qanaï is considered a Hakham, a religious leader of the Karaite Jewish communities and serves as the Hakham of the Karaite community of Albany, New York. Hakham Qanaï studied with the late Chief Hakham ‘Immanu’el Ben Mosheh… …   Wikipedia


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